Design of Sand Drains

The typical design parameters for the sand drains along with its permissible values are given as : (i) Diameter of sand drains (ɸd) = 450 mm to 600 mm. (ii)…

Sand Drains

Vertical drains are constructed in order to improve the quality of soil specially cohesive soil. Vertical drains are mainly of 3 types: Sand Drains, Band Drains, Sand wicks. Sand Drain…

Coffer Dams

The word coffer means a casket, chest or trunk. A coffer dam is a temporary structure built to enclose an area for excavation of foundation. Coffer dams are used when…

Pile Foundation

Introduction When the soil at or near the ground surface is not capable of supporting a structure, deep foundations are required to transfer the loads to deeper strata. Deep foundations…

Soil Stabilization

Soil Stabilization is the process of improving the engineering properties of the soil and thus making it more stable. It is require when the soil available for construction is not…