Compass Surveying

In Traversing, when compass is use for making angular measurements, it is refer as compass traversing or compass surveying. In compass surveying, the compass is use to determine the direction…

Trigonometric Leveling

1. When the distance D can be measured: h/D = tanѲ h = D tanѲ R.L. of top = R.L. of point A + Height of Instrument (HI) + h…

Leveling in surveying – Instruments and its Types

The art of determining the relative heights of point on the surface of the earth is term as leveling. A leveling instruments are “Level” and “Staff” is employ for this…

Leveling – Important Terms used

Terms used in Leveling Level surface : It is the surface parallel to the mean spheroidal surface of the earth. Level line : Line lying on level surface. Horizontal plane…

Leveling, Principle, Objective & Types

Leveling is the process of making a surface level, even, or flat. Leveling is an art of determining the relative height of different points on, above or below the surface.…