Traverse Survey, Latitude and Departure, Closing Error

Traverse is the framework of lines. Types of Traverse 1.Closed Traverse: Closed Traverse originates from a station and returns to the same station completing a closed loop. 2.Open Traverse: Open…

Types of Chain Surveying in Survey and Representative Factor

Chain surveying is that surveying in which only linear measurements are made in the field. Types of Chain Surveying 1.Plane Surveying During Surveying when two points of observation are at…

Horizontal Curve and its Components

A horizontal curve provides a transition between two tangent strips of roadway, allowing a vehicle to negotiate a turn at a gradual rate rather than a sharp cut. The design…

Compass Surveying

Compass surveying is the branch of surveying in which the position of an object is located using angular measurements determined by a compass and linear measurements using a chain or…

Linear Measurements

Linear measurements is defined as a measurement of length. It includes measurements of length, diameters, heights and thickness. Methods of Linear Measurement There are various methods of making linear measurements…