Difference between Civil Engineer and Architecture

These two professions are generally similar. Yet, there are clear differences between civil engineer and architecture. As a matter of fact, they have well-defined roles that make them distinguishable from each other.

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering, also referred as structural engineering, specialise in the structural elements of systems, ensuring that facilities can withstand normal and extreme loading conditions. It work closely with architects and they are thus responsible for making the vision of architects into a realisation. Civil engineering deliberates on the physics, thus involved in the construction process of the architect’s design.


Architecture is mainly a practice of designing structures thus with aesthetics and spatial functionality in mind. Architects may have the basic to advanced knowledge of structural mechanics but their primary focus is always, first and foremost, the creativity, look and feel, and functionality of the design. In conclusion, structural vision starts in the field of architecture.

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Difference between Civil Engineer and Architecture

Civil EngineeringArchitecture
It deals with the designing, constructing, and maintaining physical and naturally built environment, including works like bridges, roads, canals, dams, and buildings.It deals with the art and science of designing and assembling buildings and other structure for human use and shelter.
Civil Engineers on the other hand deal with the engineering, feasibility, cost analysis and safety in order for the structure to take shape.Architecture deals with the look and other artistic aspects of designing a building.
Civil engineering deals more with the strength of the structure.Architecture deals more with the aesthetics of the structure.
Civil Engineering, deals with the material used for the building and how to design the building so it can support its own weightArchitecture deals with making the floor plans of a building and designing the shape of the building.
Civil engineering’s responsibility is ensuring that the design can be implemented in a safe and reliable manner.Architecture’s primary concern is designing the development work.
Civil engineers will be guided by the architect’s outlines and dimensions.Architects will need engineers to help to make their designs work.
A good civil engineer will always give the best efforts to make the design into a reality.A good architect, on the other hand, will always consider the practicality of the design so it can be built at less cost and at a faster rate.
Civil Engineer and Architecture

Why a Civil Engineer is needed

A civil engineer is needed to reduce the construction cost as much as possible.

  • To provide sufficient safety measurements.
  • Finish designs of foundation, beams, columns, load calculation, slab, roof, reinforcement etc. according to which the construction will be done.
  • To select a contractor to complete the works.
  • Supervision of construction work.
  • To provide earthquake resistance.
  • To maintain the quality of work

Why an Architect is Needed

Architect and civil engineer is needed for different purposes. An architect cannot fulfil a civil engineers purpose nor can a civil engineer do that for an architect.

  • An Architect is need to increase exterior & interior beauty of a structure.
  • Architects provide proper arrangements for present and future needs with proper land utilisation.
  • To allow proper ventilation of dwelling space provision all around the building.
  • Design & arrange the rooms & facilities according to the desire.
  • To provide sufficient lighting, air circulation etc.

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Education of Civil Engineer and Architecture

Civil Engineer

After a bachelor degree (B Tech/ BE/ Associate Membership Qualifications) the variety of jobs increases, for example, post of a structural designer can be after B Tech/ BE/ AMIE only. For a better future in design & analysis, research & development, hydraulics & fluid mechanics, soil mechanics and also environmental engineering etc. one should go for a master degree (M.Tech or ME). In academics, therefore doctoral and post-doctoral level programs have their own importance. Disciplines in master degree are above all hydraulics, soil mechanics, structures, hydrology, planning, environmental engineering etc.


Certificate holders in architecture (ITI) can assist the architect as an assistant to architect. Diploma holders in architectural assistant ship can therefore go for assistant architect and drafts man posts. A B Arch/AMIIA degree holder can become an architect to work in planning and drawing for industry, residential or commercial buildings, landscape and so on. After that a master degree (M Arch/ MURP/ MCP/ M Plan/ M Tech (Planning)/ M Des/ AITP/ etc.) they can have more variety of jobs, personal consultancy management and scope for research and academics. In academics, doctoral and post-doctoral level programs have also their own importance. Disciplines in master degree however are urban design, industrial design, architectural conservation, planning, landscape architecture, building engineering & management, etc. Planning field has further more specialisations like transport planning, urban and regional planning, etc.


Salary is dependent on professional proficiency, subject knowledge, school of graduation, company and also need of the hour. Moreover, in general, civil engineers are equipping with more knowledge than architects in terms of complex mathematics, analysis and structural design and so they are paying more than architects. But it all depends on proficiency and innovative that can make you like La Corbusier.

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